The smiling facial expression, lively, inquisitive personality, and lush fluffy coat make the Pomeranian one of the most popular toy dogs in the world. As a fan of the breed, you have surely heard different terms to refer to the “ Pomeranian types ”. But what is the truth in all that? Do types really exist within this race?
Keep reading below to learn about the possible variations and how to tell them apart…
How many types of Pomeranians are there?
Strictly speaking, there is only 1 type of Pomeranian. The standards of the AKC ( American Kennel Club ) and the FCI ( Federation Cynologique Internationale ) describe it as a unique, toy-sized dog with a fox-like facial expression.1 2.
However, Pomeranian breeders and admirers often distinguish 3 different varieties, based on particular features of the face.
These three types of Pomeranian are popularly known as ” fox-faced Pomeranian “, ” bear-faced Pomeranian ” and ” doll-faced Pomeranian “. The main difference between them is facial expression, with the length of the snout being the most obvious variation. It should be noted that these denominations lack official recognition.
1. Fox-faced Pomeranian or Pomeranian Lulu
The Fox-faced Pomeranian Lulu is the version that corresponds to the breed standard. It is the most common and appreciated among owners/admirers. As its name suggests, this dog has an elongated snout, hence the fox-like facial expression.
The snout of a Lulu Pomeranian makes up about 1/3 of the length of its skull. Although it is considered a short muzzle compared to that of other dog breeds, it is the longest among all Pomeranian types.
Other features that contribute to this resemblance are the slightly rounded and fluffy cheeks, the narrow chin, as well as the pretty, flattened, dark nose. According to experts, the fox-faced Pomeranian’s sharp expression denotes its alert and intelligent nature.
The official standard indicates that this toy-sized dog should measure between approximately 15 and 17 cm and weigh between 1.4 and 3.2 kg (3 to 7 pounds).
The body is covered by a double-layered coat: short and dense on the inside, but long, abundant and coarse on the outside. Typically, the coat forms a kind of fluffy collar around the neck and head, extending over the shoulders and chest.
The fur of the little fox-faced Pomeranian is abundant throughout its body, except for its legs. It is said that it can be practically any color.
2. Bear-faced Pomeranian or Pomeranian Boo
What is it that distinguishes this variety of Pomeranian developed in the United States? Fortunately, there are several details that help differentiate a “bear face” from a standard “fox face. ”
First of all, there is a clear difference in the shape of his face. The so-called Pomeranian Boo has an irresistible teddy bear appearance. His muzzle is significantly shorter and his cheeks more rounded. These traits give it that smooth-faced dog look.
The Bear-Headed Pomeranian has a flattened, rounded face, without a definite rise to the chin. Its short snout is only about ¼ of the total length of the skull. Many describe him as a Pomeranian with the eternal appearance of a puppy.
In addition, the eyes appear to be larger and much closer to the snout, while the ears are noticeably smaller and rounder than the ears of the Pomeranian Lulu. Their fur is not only shorter and fluffier but also thicker.
With a compact body and tiny stature, the Boo is usually called a toy or mini Pomeranian, as it is the variety with the smallest weight and size. But this denomination is not widely accepted among breeders, much less among kennel clubs. The Pomeranian breed itself is already considered a toy breed.
3. Doll-faced Pomeranian
Of the 3 types, the doll face is usually the most difficult to distinguish. Its facial expression is similar to that of the Bear-Faced Pomeranian, also with a cropped snout; however, it exhibits a more delicate appearance . His face doesn’t look as stocky and wide.
The snout remains short, and rounded, but looks flattered on top and is not raised. That makes the eyes appear to be a bit farther apart compared to the Boo Pomeranian variety.
A doll-faced Pomeranian will have longer, smoother, and more voluminous fur, as well as a slightly larger size.
Remember. Officially, there are no distinguishable types within the breed. There is only one Pomeranian. The term “fox-faced Pomeranian” is not even recognized. This, like “bear face” and “doll face,” is an unofficial name given based on some features of the face.
13+ Types of Mixed Pomeranians
Many breeders have dedicated themselves to crossing the Pomeranian with other breeds, obtaining hybrid dogs with very interesting personalities and physical characteristics. Some of the more popular mixed Pomeranians are:
- Bichonaranian , Pomachon, or Pom Frisé (Pomeranian-Bichon Frisé cross )
- Pomeagle or beagle pom (beagle and pomeranian cross)
- Cineraria or pom chins (pomeranian mixed with Japanese chin)
- Shirania, Shih-Pom or Pom-Tzu (Shih Tzu Pomeranian cross)
- Pomchi (Pomeranian- Chihuahua mix )
- Cockerania (a cross between a cocker spaniel and Pomeranian)
- Damerania, Pom-Dach or Doxie Pom (pomeranian and dachshund mix)
- Pomsky (Pomeranian- husky mix )
- Maltipom (Pomeranian Maltese cross)
- Pomapoo ( Poodle -Pomeranian Mix)
- Pose (Pomeranian Shetland Sheepdog cross)
- Porkie or Yorkie Pom (cross of the Pomeranian with the Yorkshire Terrier )
- Pom-a-Pug (Pomeranian pug mix )
Note. The number in the image corresponds to the number of the breed in the list above.
Quick Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
What color can Pomeranians be?
The Pomeranian breed exhibits a wide variety of colors and markings . In fact, the standard states that any color, pattern, or variation can be accepted on the Pom’s coat. The most common colors are orange, brown, black and sable, but the truth is that approximately 19 different shades and 5 marking patterns are distinguished.
How to know if a Pomeranian is pure?
Ensuring that a Pomeranian puppy is pure requires, first of all, a breeder who is able to offer some kind of official documentation. Reputable breeders are generally registered and certified by a kennel club that certifies the purity of their puppies and parents3 .
A Pomeranian may have the physical characteristics that distinguish the breed, but if there is no document to prove it, then nothing guarantees that it is a pure and authentic specimen .
Another alternative that helps determine the purity of a Pomeranian is the DNA test . This test offers 100% reliable information on the pedigree and bloodline.
In case you want to identify if the dog is pure or not with the naked eye, it should be noted that this is not considered a reliable method. However, it is always worth knowing what are the physical attributes that cannot be lacking in this breed . For example:
- Compact body and short back
- Weight between 3 and 7 pounds
- Height between 15 and 17 cm
- Significantly feathered tail
- Fox-like facial expression
- Medium-sized, bright, dark almond-shaped eyes
- Abundant, bushy double-layered fur (or single-layered if it’s a puppy)
Note. Many of those characteristics may vary slightly depending on the particular dog.
What is the rarest Pomeranian?
In this breed, rarity is often associated with color, not type. According to breeders and enthusiasts, the white Pomeranian is one of the rarest . This is due to the presence of other dominant colors in the bloodline, which make it difficult to obtain them in a litter.
To produce white Pomeranians, a breeder should focus only on breeding that color, making sure not to have any other colors in the genes from at least 5 generations back.
Another that is considered exceptionally rare is the lavender or lilac Pomeranian . These rare specimens have an exotic hue, likely a result of the gene being diluted in a blue Pomeranian.
Are there different types of Pomeranian breed?
No. The Pomeranian breed is unique . Although we usually talk about types of Pomeranians, the truth is that all these informal terms refer to dogs of the same breed. Considered the smallest in the spitz group , the Pomeranian is characterized by its long fluffy coat, a fox-like facial expression, and a cunning, outgoing personality.
- Origin : Germany, PolandBreed type : Pure
- Life expectancy : 12-16 years
- Temperament : active, friendly, intelligent, lively, playful, affectionate
- Hypoallergenic : No
- Maintenance level : Medium
Is there a teacup sized Pomeranian?
No. The term teacup Pomeranian or mini Pomeranian is popularly used to refer to those specimens that are smaller than usual. But the truth is that in this breed there are no “teacups” as such. All Poms are considered toy size.
Be warned that some unscrupulous breeders advertise tiny or underweight Pomeranian puppies as if they were a cup of tea, leading buyers to believe that these dogs are more valuable, rare or unique.
How much can a Pomeranian cost?
The price of a Pomeranian puppy can range between $500 and $1,500, with $900 being the average price. This can vary depending on several factors, such as the dog’s pedigree, color, and the reputation of the breeder. For example, a certified purebred Pomeranian, with a superior bloodline, can cost $3,000 or more .
Read All Details Here – Pomeranian Dog Price: How Much Does A Pomeranian Cost?
We hope that the article has been to your liking. Now that you know all about the different types of Pomeranians , we invite you to continue discovering what the true types are in other well-loved and popular dog breeds, such as the Poodle , Schnauzer , Yorkshire Terrier , Chihuahua , Pit Bull , and Pomeranian. pug , among many others